Girmeler cave contains artifacts dating from prehistoric times to the present time thus illuminates the Lycian history. Cave surveys mostly concentrated on compiling the remains of the mound type settlement which is in front of the cave. Unfortunately the mount was completely destroyed by heavy construction machinery in 1985 and the field was flattened.  It is assumed that the mount was 6.8 meters high and 55 meters wide.  
In 2010, an archaeological survey was put through in the remains of the mount settlement which is in front of cave entrances marked as A and B. As a result of these surveys; layer sections of different cultures were identified. The principals of stratigraphy was followed on this area and totally 4 units were investigated. On the east side, in front of the entrance wall of Cave-A, Roman and Hellenistic period activity layers were identified at the upper layers.

Although well preserved prehistoric layers were observed beneath these layers, there is no sign of an architectural remaining. Top of these layers was dated back to the late Neolithic Period by help of the ceramic finds. Also burned human skeletons were found on the west part of this area. No gift given to death found next to them, but it is believed that the bone pendants, goddess figurine and god idol which found very close, had been related to them. C14 analysis dates the layer which the skeletons were found to the second half of 8000 BC. At the west, on the southern entrance wall of Cave-B, culture layers were identified in a fairly narrow strip and cleaned up. Here, starting from top to bottom; Ottoman, Byzantine, Roman and Hellenistic period settlement traces were found.
After a survey in Cave-B, a third entrance came out to the surface and named as Cave-C. Ceramic pottery was observed in a section approximately 1 meter below the surface. In the lower sections only Flintstones were found. C14 analysis dates that pottery free layer to the second half of 9000 BC.

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